The 1ZZFE and 2ZZGE are Toyota’s latest 4 cylinder engines.
Both are all –aluminum 1800cc 16-valve engines with variable cam
timing, matching the current offerings of other manufacturers.
This is Toyota’s first all aluminum 4 cylinder block.
The 1ZZFE introduced in 1988, without variable cam timing- was updated
with VVT, when the 2ZZFE debuted in 2000. The
2ZZGE- was further enhanced with a variable lift feature.
The variable cam timing feature addresses the problem associated with the old FE
engines. (Please read the separate
notes in the TECH Section.) Without
VVT, the old engines seemed to run abruptly out of breathe- a function of their
smooth power delivery that promised “more”- but hit a performance wall.
The VVT 1ZZFE and VVTi 2ZZGE- now have the performance surge to satisfy
the driver. (Of course people will
still want more, which is why Toysport is in business.)
It is very interesting to note the difference between the two engines.
The 1ZZFE and 2ZZGE are of the same displacement, but their bore and
stroke are different. The 1ZZFE
“izzy” with the FE head is the quick response, high torque model- has a
longer stroke ratio, to further improve the torque characteristic.
The 2ZZGE “duzzy” with the sports type GE head is the high RPM,
higher HP unit- with a square bore / stroke ratio.
This allows it to rev and deliver power in the higher RPM range.
The driving characteristic of both engines are dramatically evident.
In the 2000 Celica, where both engines are offered- the GT with the 1ZZFE
is easier and smoother to drive- more responsive.
The GTS with the 2ZZGE starts of lazier, and need lots of pedal- but
ultimately more HP. Which is a good
contrast- drivers now know the trade-off between drivability and horsepower. A lot of people who tested the cars opted for the more
responsive GT model, although they were initially looking for power.
The power band characteristic of the two engines offer a good choice-
chooses which is more important.
A recurring question- why did the MRS end with the 1ZZFE?
Overall, the 1ZZFE was more compatible to the overall concept.
The 2ZZGE would need more attention driving (to extract the power)-
detracting from the fun aspect of cruising.
For diehards- yes we can do the 2ZZGE conversion.
From Toyota’s early pioneering Twin Cams, to the succeeding multi-valve DOHC
engines, to this new generation of variable cam timing and lift units…..Toyota
continues to be the world’s largest Twin Cam manufacturer.
As a review: Toyota Twin Cams have seen it all- 2, 4, and 5 valves; four,
six, eight, twelve cylinders; normally aspirated, supercharged, turbo, and
twin-turbo; gas, propane, and diesel. TVIS,
non-TVIS, and individual throttle bodies. Been
there, done that.
BUILDING THE ZZ ENGINES
The aluminum block is hefty and casted really clean.
It will allow the engine to produce massive horsepower over stock.
Dimensionally they are bigger than the 4AGE, the engine family it is
superceding. Block strengthening is
possible, by pinning the cylinders to stabilize the bores.
The crank is a lightweight design and so are the rods.
The crank and rods are casted really well, stress-relief and shot-peen-
will produce parts that look forged.
The 2ZZGE has problems. Bent valves
from missed shifts have been common. Sticking
valve mechanism also cause unscheduled visits to the Toyota Dealers.
Toyota is addressing these problems currently.
We have forged pistons in stock and .5mm os available with deeper valve
reliefs and a .5 higher compression.
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